编译安装PHP 所需的支持库:

tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13.1/
./configure –prefix=/usr/local
make
make install
cd ../
#编码转换

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make
make install
/sbin/ldconfig
cd libltdl/
./configure –enable-ltdl-install
make
make install
cd ../../
#加密扩展库

tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../
#计算消息的校验码之类的

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1
ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config

tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make
make install
cd ../
#可以实现加密解密功能

FastCGI模式编译安装PHP

tar zxvf php-5.2.17.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1
cd php-5.2.17/

Configure Command =>  ‘./configure’  ‘–prefix=/usr/local/php’ ‘–with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc’ ‘–with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql’ ‘–with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config’ ‘–with-pgsql=/usr/local/pgsql’ ‘–with-iconv-dir=/usr/local’ ‘–with-freetype-dir’ ‘–with-jpeg-dir’ ‘–with-png-dir’ ‘–with-zlib’ ‘–with-libxml-dir=/usr’ ‘–enable-xml’ ‘–disable-rpath’ ‘–enable-discard-path’ ‘–enable-safe-mode’ ‘–enable-bcmath’ ‘–enable-shmop’ ‘–enable-sysvsem’ ‘–enable-inline-optimization’ ‘–with-curl’ ‘–with-curlwrappers’ ‘–enable-mbregex’ ‘–enable-fastcgi’ ‘–enable-fpm’ ‘–enable-force-cgi-redirect’ ‘–enable-mbstring’ ‘–with-mcrypt’ ‘–with-gd’ ‘–enable-gd-native-ttf’ ‘–with-openssl’ ‘–with-mhash’ ‘–enable-pcntl’ ‘–enable-sockets’ ‘–with-ldap’ ‘–with-ldap-sasl’ ‘–with-xmlrpc’ ‘–enable-zip’ ‘–enable-soap’
编译参数说明:

  1. --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc  #php.ini位置  
  2. --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql  #对mysql支持  
  3. --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config  #mysql扩展技术,稳定,调用存储过程,支持事物  
  4. --with-pgsql=/usr/local/pgsql   #pgsql数据库  
  5. --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local  #支持字符转换  
  6. --with-freetype-dir  #freetype字体库支持  
  7. --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir  #对图片支持  
  8. --with-zlib  #zlib库支持  
  9. --with-libxml-dir=/usr  #libxml库支持  
  10. --enable-xml   #xml解析器   
  11. --disable-rpath  #关闭额外的运行库文件   
  12. --enable-discard-path  #限制用户读取安全文件  
  13. --enable-safe-mode   #安全模式  
  14. --enable-bcmath   #打开图片大小调整   
  15. --enable-shmop   #共享内存段  
  16. --enable-sysvsem   #处理函数  
  17. --enable-inline-optimization  #优化线程   
  18. --with-curl  #打开curl浏览工具支持  
  19. --with-curlwrappers   #打开URL流  
  20. --enable-mbregex  #正则支持  
  21. --enable-fastcgi  
  22. --enable-fpm  
  23. --enable-force-cgi-redirect  #重定向方式启动PHP   
  24. --enable-mbstring   #字符串支持  
  25. --with-mcrypt   #算法扩展  
  26. --with-gd     #gd库  
  27. --enable-gd-native-ttf   #支持TrueType字符串支持  
  28. --with-openssl    #加密传输的时候用到  
  29. --with-mhash    #算法扩展   
  30. --enable-pcntl  
  31. --enable-sockets  
  32. --with-ldap  
  33. --with-ldap-sasl  #目录协议  
  34. --with-xmlrpc    #c语言   
  35. --enable-zip     #进程控制与信号处理  
  36. --enable-soap    #通信协议   

make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS=’-liconv’
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
cd ../

tar zxvf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.5/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../
#PHP缓存,用于加速动态web应用程序,分布式应用较好

tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.6.1/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –enable-eaccelerator=shared –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../
#加速代码执行效率

tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config –with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysql
make
make install
cd ../
#使php访问mysql的数据库

tar zxvf ImageMagick.tar.gz
cd ImageMagick-6.5.1-2/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../
#是一套稳定的工具集和开发包,可以用来读、写和处理超过89种基本格式的图片文件,包括流行的TIFF, JPEG, GIF, PNG, PDF以及PhotoCD等格式

tar zxvf imagick-2.3.0.tgz
cd imagick-2.3.0/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../
#Imagick是PHP下针对ImageMagick这个强大软件包的API接口。Imagick依赖于ImageMagick

修改php.ini文件
查找/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini中的extension_dir = “./”
修改为extension_dir = “/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/”
并在此行后增加以下几行,然后保存:
extension = “memcache.so”
extension = “pdo_mysql.so”
extension = “imagick.so”

再查找output_buffering = Off
修改为output_buffering = On

再查找; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
修改为cgi.fix_pathinfo=0     #防止Nginx文件类型错误解析漏洞

配置eAccelerator加速PHP:
mkdir -p /usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache
vi /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
按shift+g键跳到配置文件的最末尾,加上以下配置信息:
[eaccelerator]
zend_extension=”/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so”
eaccelerator.shm_size=”64″
eaccelerator.cache_dir=”/usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache”
eaccelerator.enable=”1″
eaccelerator.optimizer=”1″
eaccelerator.check_mtime=”1″
eaccelerator.debug=”0″
eaccelerator.filter=””
eaccelerator.shm_max=”0″
eaccelerator.shm_ttl=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_only=”0″
eaccelerator.compress=”1″
eaccelerator.compress_level=”9″

创建www用户和组
/usr/sbin/groupadd www
/usr/sbin/useradd -g www www
mkdir -p /data/blog
chmod +w /data/blog
chown -R www:www /data/blog
mkdir -p /data/www
chmod +w /data/www
chown -R www:www /data/www

创建php-fpm配置文件(php-fpm是为PHP打的一个FastCGI管理补丁,可以平滑变更php.ini配置而无需重启php-cgi):

rm -f /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
vi /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

输入以下内容(如果您安装 Nginx + PHP 用于程序调试,请将以下的<value name=”display_errors”>0</value>改为<value name=”display_errors”>1</value>,以便显示PHP错误信息,否则,Nginx 会报状态为500的空白错误页):
<?xml version=”1.0″ ?>
<configuration>

  All relative paths in this config are relative to php’s install prefix

  <section name=”global_options”>

    Pid file
    <value name=”pid_file”>/usr/local/webserver/php/logs/php-fpm.pid</value>

    Error log file
    <value name=”error_log”>/usr/local/webserver/php/logs/php-fpm.log</value>

    Log level
    <value name=”log_level”>notice</value>

    When this amount of php processes exited with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS …
    <value name=”emergency_restart_threshold”>10</value>

    … in a less than this interval of time, a graceful restart will be initiated.
    Useful to work around accidental curruptions in accelerator’s shared memory.
    <value name=”emergency_restart_interval”>1m</value>

    Time limit on waiting child’s reaction on signals from master
    <value name=”process_control_timeout”>5s</value>

    Set to ‘no’ to debug fpm
    <value name=”daemonize”>yes</value>

  </section>

  <workers>

    <section name=”pool”>

      Name of pool. Used in logs and stats.
      <value name=”name”>default</value>

      Address to accept fastcgi requests on.
      Valid syntax is ‘ip.ad.re.ss:port’ or just ‘port’ or ‘/path/to/unix/socket’
      <value name=”listen_address”>127.0.0.1:9000</value>

      <value name=”listen_options”>

        Set listen(2) backlog
        <value name=”backlog”>-1</value>

        Set permissions for unix socket, if one used.
        In Linux read/write permissions must be set in order to allow connections from web server.
        Many BSD-derrived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.
        <value name=”owner”></value>
        <value name=”group”></value>
        <value name=”mode”>0666</value>
      </value>

      Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers.
      <value name=”php_defines”>
        <value name=”sendmail_path”>/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i</value>
        <value name=”display_errors”>0</value>
      </value>

      Unix user of processes
      <value name=”user”>www</value>

      Unix group of processes
      <value name=”group”>www</value>

      Process manager settings
      <value name=”pm”>

        Sets style of controling worker process count.
        Valid values are ‘static’ and ‘apache-like’
        <value name=”style”>static</value>

        Sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be served.
        Equivalent to Apache MaxClients directive.
        Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment in original php.fcgi
        Used with any pm_style.
        <value name=”max_children”>128</value>

        Settings group for ‘apache-like’ pm style
        <value name=”apache_like”>

          Sets the number of server processes created on startup.
          Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
          <value name=”StartServers”>20</value>

          Sets the desired minimum number of idle server processes.
          Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
          <value name=”MinSpareServers”>5</value>

          Sets the desired maximum number of idle server processes.
          Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
          <value name=”MaxSpareServers”>35</value>

        </value>

      </value>

      The timeout (in seconds) for serving a single request after which the worker process will be terminated
      Should be used when ‘max_execution_time’ ini option does not stop script execution for some reason
      ‘0s’ means ‘off’
      <value name=”request_terminate_timeout”>0s</value>

      The timeout (in seconds) for serving of single request after which a php backtrace will be dumped to slow.log file
      ‘0s’ means ‘off’
      <value name=”request_slowlog_timeout”>0s</value>

      The log file for slow requests
      <value name=”slowlog”>logs/slow.log</value>

      Set open file desc rlimit
      <value name=”rlimit_files”>65535</value>

      Set max core size rlimit
      <value name=”rlimit_core”>0</value>

      Chroot to this directory at the start, absolute path
      <value name=”chroot”></value>

      Chdir to this directory at the start, absolute path
      <value name=”chdir”></value>

      Redirect workers’ stdout and stderr into main error log.
      If not set, they will be redirected to /dev/null, according to FastCGI specs
      <value name=”catch_workers_output”>yes</value>

      How much requests each process should execute before respawn.
      Useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries.
      For endless request processing please specify 0
      Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS
      <value name=”max_requests”>1024</value>

      Comma separated list of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients that allowed to connect.
      Equivalent to FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment in original php.fcgi (5.2.2+)
      Makes sense only with AF_INET listening socket.
      <value name=”allowed_clients”>127.0.0.1</value>

      Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH
      All $VARIABLEs are taken from current environment
      <value name=”environment”>
        <value name=”HOSTNAME”>$HOSTNAME</value>
        <value name=”PATH”>/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin</value>
        <value name=”TMP”>/tmp</value>
        <value name=”TMPDIR”>/tmp</value>
        <value name=”TEMP”>/tmp</value>
        <value name=”OSTYPE”>$OSTYPE</value>
        <value name=”MACHTYPE”>$MACHTYPE</value>
        <value name=”MALLOC_CHECK_”>2</value>
      </value>

    </section>

  </workers>

</configuration>

启动php-cgi进程,监听127.0.0.1的9000端口,进程数为128(如果服务器内存小于3GB,可以只开启64个进程),用户为www:
ulimit -SHn 65535
/usr/local/webserver/php/sbin/php-fpm start
注:/usr/local/webserver/php/sbin/php-fpm还有其他参数,包括:start|stop|quit|restart|reload|logrotate,修改php.ini后不重启php-cgi,重新加载配置文件使用reload